2.2. Creating the Basic Sound

First we will select an empty voice so that we can create the Hammond B3 sound from scratch.

Procedure 2.1.

  1. Find a new empty voice. To do this, press the [VOICE] button, and then switch to a voice you may want to erase. Erase or initialize this voice by pressing the [JOB] button, [ENTER], and [INC/YES].

  2. Press [EDIT-COMPARE] to start editing the newly-cleared voice.

Then, we will select four waveforms for the different elements of the voice. Remember that the 88 8000 000 registration has three harmonics to it, namely (16, 5 1/3, 8). We will set the first three elements of the voice to just these harmonics, and then the fourth element to a percussion organ waveform to make it all sound better.

Procedure 2.2.

  1. Turn Knob C to show 079[Or:D16 ] — remember that you can use the DATA Knob to fine-tune the value. This selects waveform number 079 for the first element of the voice.

  2. Turn Knob A so that the cursor is on the 2 of EL12--. This selects the second element of the voice.

  3. Turn Knob C to show 080[Or:D 5 1/3]. This makes the second element use waveform number 080.

  4. Turn Knob A so that the cursor is on the 3 of EL123-. This selects the third element of the voice.

  5. Turn Knob C to show 081[Or:D8 ]. This makes the third element use waveform number 081.

  6. Let us add a percusion organ waveform for the fourth element. Turn Knob A so that the cursor is on the 4 of EL1234. This selects the fourth element of the voice.

  7. Turn Knob C to show 096[Or:Perc- ]. This makes the fourth element use waveform number 096.

Now let us set intensity levels for each of the elements. The level range on a Hammond is determined by how far you pull the drawbars, which have levels 0-8. The level range on the S80 is 0-127. We will pick 100 to be the maximum value for our elements, and thus use the following drawbar-to-level mapping: 1 = 12, 2 = 25, 3 = 37, 4 = 50, 5 = 63, 6 = 75, 7 = 87, 8 = 100. Since the first three drawbars are all at level 8, we have to set the levels of our elements to 100.

Procedure 2.3.

  1. Turn Knob A counterclockwise (ccw) so that the cursor is under 1 on EL1234. This selects the first element of the voice.

  2. Turn PAGE Knob one click clockwise (cw). This selects the FIXME page.

  3. Turn Knob B to set the level for element 1 at 100.

  4. Turn Knob A cw so that line is under 2 on EL1234.

  5. Turn Knob B to set the level for element 2 at 100.

  6. Turn Knob A cw so that line is under 3 on EL1234.

  7. Turn Knob B to set the level for element 3 at 100.

  8. We will also set the level of our percussion organ element to 100. Turn Knob A cw so that line is under 4 on EL1234.

  9. Turn Knob B to set the level for element 4 at 100.

Finally, we will save this voice under a new name.

Procedure 2.4.

  1. Turn Knob A ccw all the way so that the cursor is under a C.

  2. Using Knob 2 and the PAGE Knob you can name this voice. When you are done, press [STORE], [ENTER], and [INC/YES] to save the voice. You can use a name like Hamm1 to indicate that this is the first part of a Hammond sound.

2.2.1. Remaining Work

The sound that you will get from this may not have much of a high end, but it is a drawbar registration that Keith Emerson and Jon Lord use, and they are Hammond organ gods. To address the high end problem, we will create another voice and layer it with the one we just created.

Note

This voice has no effects similar to those of a Leslie speaker, which is very popular with Hammond organs. Instead, the author of this chapter uses a Hughes & Kettner Tube Rotosphere pedal for the tube warmth and a great Leslie simulator — the S80 does not need to be your final sound output, but you can plug other hardware to its outputs to modify the sound!