2.3. Making the Final Sound

The sound described in the previous section has a shortcoming in that it does not have much of a high end — the sound lacks brilliance. Also, as a single voice in the S80 has a limitation of four elements, we cannot simulate Hammond registrations that use more than four drawbars. The solution is to create more than one voice, giving up to four drawbar waveforms to each voice, and then layering them together to get the full, rich sound. This section will guide you through creating another voice for the other drawbars' harmonics; these will make our Hammond B3 sound much better.

We will modify the 88 8000 000 registration to be 88 8530 001, while still using the percussion organ waveform that adds punch to the sound. We will edit the voice that we created in the last section so that it represents the four leftmost drawbars, e.g. the 88 85. Then we will a new voice for the “30 001” bit and put the percussion organ waveform back in it. When the two voices are in place, we will layer them together in a performance.

Let us edit the Hamm1 voice described in the last section to make its fourth element be the waveform for the fourth drawbar's harmonic.

Procedure 2.5.

  1. Select the voice that we created in the last section and press [EDIT-COMPARE] to edit the voice.

  2. Turn Knob A so that the cursor is on the 4 of EL1234. This selects the fourth element of the voice.

  3. Turn Knob C to change 096 to 082[Or:D4 ]. This makes the fourth element use waveform number 082, which is the next harmonic we need.

  4. Turn the PAGE Knob cw one click to select the FIXME page.

  5. Turn Knob B to change the level from 100 to 63. Remember our mapping of drawbar levels to S80 levels from above? This is where the 63 comes from — the drawbar level of 5 from the registration maps to 63 in the S80.

  6. Save the modified voice by pressing [STORE], [ENTER], and [INC/YES]. You can change its name before saving it if you wish.

Next, we will create another voice with the remaining 30 001 part of the registration. We will also add the percussion organ waveform that we removed from the other voice.

Procedure 2.6.

  1. Find another empty voice, or clear an existing one as described in the first procedure from this chapter. Press the [EDIT-COMPARE] button to start editing it.

  2. Turn Knob C to show 083[Or:D2 2/3 ] — remember that you can use the DATA Knob to fine-tune the value. This selects waveform number 083 for the first element of the voice.

  3. Turn Knob A so that the cursor is on the 2 of EL12--. This selects the second element of the voice.

  4. Turn Knob C to show 087[Or:D1 ]. This makes the second element use waveform number 087.

  5. Turn Knob A so that the cursor is on the 3 of EL123-. This selects the third element of the voice.

  6. Turn Knob C to show 096[Or:Perc- ]. This makes the third element use waveform number 096, thus restoring the percussion organ that we removed from the previous voice.

Now let us set the appropriate levels for these elements and save the new voice.

Procedure 2.7.

  1. Turn Knob A ccw so that the cursor is under 1 on EL123*. This selects the first element of the voice.

  2. Turn PAGE Knob one click clockwise (cw). This selects the FIXME page.

  3. Turn Knob B to set the level for element 1 at 37. This comes from our mapping of Hammond levels to S80 levels.

  4. Turn Knob A cw so that line is under 2 on EL123*.

  5. Turn Knob B to set the level for element 2 at 12.

  6. Turn Knob A cw so that line is under 3 on EL123*.

  7. Turn Knob B to set the level for element 3 at 100.

  8. Save this voice under a new name as described above. You can use a name like Hamm2 to indicate that this is the second part of a Hammond sound.

Finally, we will create a performance that layers the Hamm1 and Hamm2 voices we just defined. When we use this performance, both voices will play simultaneously, thus creating the sound for our six drawbars plus the percussion organ waveform.

Procedure 2.8.

  1. Press the [PERFORM] button and find an empty performance or one that you may want to erase. Initialize this performance by pressing the [JOB] button, [ENTER], and [INC/YES].

  2. Press [EDIT-COMPARE] to start editing the newly-cleared performance.

  3. Turn Knob A until you see Part01 at the bottom left corner of the S80's display. This selects the first voice that we will put inside the performance.

  4. Use Knob B and Knob C to find the bank and voice where our Hamm1 voice resides.

  5. Turn Knob A cw until you see Part02. This selects the second voice that we will put inside the performance.

  6. Use the Knob B and Knob C to find the bank and voice where our Hamm2 voice resides.

  7. Turn the PAGE Knob 6 clicks cw until you see LYR MODE at the top left corner of the display.

  8. Turn Knob 1 until Layer off turns to Layer on. This enables layering for Part02.

  9. Turn Knob A ccw until Part02 turns back to Part01.

  10. Turn Knob 1 to make sure that Layer on appears. This enables layering for Part01.

  11. Turn Knob A ccw all the way and use Knob 2 and the PAGE Knob to give a name to this performance. You can use a name like HammondB3.

  12. Save the performance by pressing [STORE], [ENTER], and [INC/YES].

This finishes the process. You can use the new HammondB3 performance for a good vintage organ sound.

You can experiment with other Hammond drawbar registrations by changing the voices' elements to other harmonics, as well as modifying their respective levels.